"Eighth wonder of the world" with magical Ceylon man tamed rocks, filled oceans and built cities in the sky.
Wonder of Srilankan Archeology the fortress rock Sigiriya is located in Matale district near Dambulla. It is thought that the name Sigiriya, meaning the word lion rock has been born from the fact that there was a giant lion statue constructed, so that the rock resembled a lion figure. It can be easily reached along Colombo – Habarana highway. From whatever the magical original structure it was, two of its huge paws are remaining now which the stairways are leading to the rock summit. Before Sigiriya became a kingdom, their bases were endowed with many caves and temples where the ruins still remain. Not only the exciting wonders of archeology is defined by the fortress rock Sigiriya, but also the 54 mile long man made Yoda Ela is also considered as an irrigation engineering wonder even to the present date. Sigiriya was created by ancient king named Kassapa in order to get military protection against battles. The rock itself has its unique identity due to its shape which can be identified even miles away from the island. Sigiriya being the Fortress land areas up to ten miles can be watched from the summit of the rock, making it hard for the enemies to backup with a surprise attack. Can we even think of an advance military defense to be built with our present technology? It is a main fact which the present engineers also wonder of.
The Fortress rock Sigiriya is a place full of ecological mysterious wonders such as; Royal pleasure gardens, magical water fountains, boulder gardens which completely sum up to an inner royal kingdom on the summit of the rock.
One of a main point attracting lot of local and international tourists are Srigiriya Rock Paintings known as Frescoes of Srigiriya which locally called as “Sigiri Apsara” painted on a rock cavity face which is located few meters away from the rock base. Currently there are around 21 paintings survived which is believed that the Fresco – Lustrous method has been used for making these paintings. In the other hand an audience hall made up of stone seat is another famous point of tourist attraction, in which the surface of the rock has been flattened up and consist of a stone seat card out of a huge rock boulder.
The cobra Hood cave or known as Sigiriya hood cave is a naturally formed cave in which its unique shape has given its name, this has been most famously used by Buddhist monks during the time period of 3rd centuries for dwelling. Which still exist as one of the most sacred place to visit.
On the summit is the remaining of the palace building foundations and few water ponds which exists to the present date. The largest pond out of all was made by cutting out the rock and the present engineers assume that the water was brought up to fill these ponds by using hydraulic wind system from the ground level. All the above factors determine the mysteries of the ancient construction technology along with representing the most advance defensive methods used to safeguard the citadels from enemies.